脚本巴巴 www.jiaoben88.com

asp.net web api实现图片点击式图片验证码示例代码

发布时间:2017-06-21 21:38:00编辑:脚本巴巴

现在验证码的形式越来越丰富,今天要实现的是在点击图片中的文字来进行校验的验证码,有需要的朋友可以参考下具体实现代码,最终效果如图

asp.net web api实现图片点击式图片验证码示例代码

这种验证码验证是验证鼠标是否选中了图片中文字的位置,以及选择的顺序,产生验证码的时候可以提供一组底图,然后随机获取一张图片,随机选取几个字,然后把文字的顺序打乱,分别随机放到图片的一个位置上,然后记录文字的位置和顺序,验证的时候验证一下文字的位置和顺序即可

验证码图片的类

/// <summary>
    /// 二维码图片
    /// </summary>
    public class VerCodePic
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 图片链接
        /// </summary>
        public string PicURL { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 第一个字位置
        /// </summary>
        public FontPoint Font1 { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 第二个字位置
        /// </summary>
        public FontPoint Font2 { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 第三个字位置
        /// </summary>
        public FontPoint Font3 { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 第四个字位置
        /// </summary>
        public FontPoint Font4 { get; set; }
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// 文字位置
    /// </summary>
    public class FontPoint
    {
        public int X { get; set; }
        public int Y { get; set; }
    }

生成验证码图片验证码的方法,在这个方法中指定了生成的验证码图片中字体大小为20个像素,因为验证码底图的大小是固定的,所以就把验证码底图按照字体的大小分成了若干个网格位置,指定一个文字在图片中的位置时只需要随机获取其中一个网格即可,如果这个网格中没有指定过文字,那就把文字放到这个网格中。

提前设定网格的方法

private static ArrayList _FontPoint;
        public static ArrayList FontPoint
        {
            get
            {
                if (_FontPoint==null)
                {
                    _FontPoint = new ArrayList();

                    for (int x=0;x<10;x++)
                    {
                        for (int y=0;y<5;y++)
                        {
                            _FontPoint.Add(new Models.FontPoint() { X = x * 28, Y = y * 20 });
                        }
                    }
                }
                return _FontPoint;
            }
        }

我选定的验证码底图为280*100的,所以按照上边的方法将图片分成了若干个网格,在下边设定一个文字位置的时候随机选取其中一个位置,而且给每个字都设定了不一样的颜色

/// <summary>
        /// 根据文字和图片获取验证码图片
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="content"></param>
        /// <param name="picFileName"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static VerCodePic GetVerCodePic(string content,string picFileName,int fontSize=20)
        {
            ClassLoger.Info("FileHelper.GetVerCodePic","开始生成二维码");
            Bitmap bmp = new Bitmap(picFileName);
            List<int> hlist = new List<int>();
            VerCodePic codepic = new VerCodePic();
            int i = Utils.GetRandom(0, SystemSet.FontPoint.Count - 1);
            codepic.Font1 = SystemSet.FontPoint[i] as FontPoint;
            hlist.Add(i);

            A: int i2 = Utils.GetRandom(0, SystemSet.FontPoint.Count - 1);
            if (hlist.Contains(i2))
                goto A;
            codepic.Font2 = SystemSet.FontPoint[i2] as FontPoint;
            hlist.Add(i2);

            B: int i3 = Utils.GetRandom(0, SystemSet.FontPoint.Count - 1);
            if (hlist.Contains(i3))
                goto B;
            hlist.Add(i3);
            codepic.Font3 = SystemSet.FontPoint[i3] as FontPoint;

            C: int i4 = Utils.GetRandom(0, SystemSet.FontPoint.Count - 1);
            if (hlist.Contains(i4))
                goto C;
            hlist.Add(i4);
            codepic.Font4 = SystemSet.FontPoint[i4] as FontPoint;string fileName = (content + "-" + picFileName+"-"+i+"|"+i2+"|"+i3+"|"+i4).MD5()+Path.GetExtension(picFileName);
            string dir = Path.Combine(SystemSet.ResourcesPath, SystemSet.VerCodePicPath);
            string filePath = Path.Combine(dir, fileName);
            if (File.Exists(filePath))
            {
                codepic.PicURL = string.Format("{0}/{1}/{2}", SystemSet.WebResourcesSite, SystemSet.VerCodePicPath, fileName);
                return codepic;
            }
            if (!Directory.Exists(dir))
            {
                Directory.CreateDirectory(dir);
            }
            
            Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(bmp);
            Font font = new Font("微软雅黑", fontSize, GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
            SolidBrush sbrush = new SolidBrush(Color.Black);
            SolidBrush sbrush1 = new SolidBrush(Color.Peru);
            SolidBrush sbrush2 = new SolidBrush(Color.YellowGreen);
            SolidBrush sbrush3 = new SolidBrush(Color.SkyBlue);
            List<char> fontlist = content.ToList();
            ClassLoger.Info("FileHelper.GetVerCodePic", fontlist.Count.ToString());
            g.DrawString(fontlist[0].TryToString(), font, sbrush, new PointF(codepic.Font1.X, codepic.Font1.Y));
            g.DrawString(fontlist[1].TryToString(), font, sbrush1, new PointF(codepic.Font2.X, codepic.Font2.Y));
            g.DrawString(fontlist[2].TryToString(), font, sbrush2, new PointF(codepic.Font3.X, codepic.Font3.Y));
            g.DrawString(fontlist[3].TryToString(), font, sbrush3, new PointF(codepic.Font4.X, codepic.Font4.Y));

            bmp.Save(filePath, ImageFormat.Jpeg);
            codepic.PicURL = string.Format("{0}/{1}/{2}",SystemSet.WebResourcesSite, SystemSet.VerCodePicPath, fileName);
            return codepic;
        }

获取图片验证码的api接口,在这个接口中从成语库中随机选取了一个成语,然后随机选取了一个图片,然后调用生成图片验证码的方法,生成了图片验证码,并且把验证码对应的信息缓存在redis中,设定缓存时间,将redis的key作为一个临时令牌随同验证码返回

/// <summary>
        /// 获取验证码,有效时间10分钟
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        [HttpGet]
        [Route("vercode")]
        public JsonResult<VerCodePicViewModel> VerCodePic()
        {
            JsonResult<VerCodePicViewModel> result = new JsonResult<VerCodePicViewModel>();
            result.code = 1;
            result.msg = "OK";
            try
            {
                ClassLoger.Info("VerCodePic","开始获取成语");
                cy_dictBll cybll = new cy_dictBll();
                IList<cy_dict> cylist = cybll.GetAllcy_dict();
                ClassLoger.Info("VerCodePic", cylist.Count.ToString());
                int i = Utils.GetRandom(0, cylist.Count-1);
                ClassLoger.Info("VerCodePic",i.ToString());
                cy_dict cy = cylist[i];
                ClassLoger.Info("VerCodePic成语:",cy.chengyu);
                VerCodePicViewModel vcvm = new VerCodePicViewModel();

                string sourcePic = FileHelper.GetVerCodePicResource();
                if (sourcePic.IsNull() || !File.Exists(sourcePic))
                {
                    sourcePic = @"E:\WebResources\images\VerCodePicSource\1.jpg";
                }
                ClassLoger.Info("VerCodePic图片",sourcePic);
                VerCodePic codepic = FileHelper.GetVerCodePic(cy.chengyu, sourcePic);
                vcvm.content = cy.chengyu;
                vcvm.MainPic = codepic.PicURL;
                result.Result = vcvm;

                string key = cookieKey();
                RedisBase.Item_Set(key, codepic);
                RedisBase.ExpireEntryAt(key,DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(10));
                result.ResultMsg = key;
            } catch (Exception ex)
            {
                ClassLoger.Error("AccountController.VerCodePic",ex);
                result.code = -1;
                result.msg = "AccountController.VerCodePic发生异常:"+ex.Message;
            }
            return result;
        }

效果如图:

asp.net web api实现图片点击式图片验证码示例代码

图片验证码校验接口参数结构

public class CheckPicCodeViewModel
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 客户端令牌
        /// </summary>
        public string token { get; set; }

        public double x1 { get; set; }

        public double x2 { get; set; }

        public double x3 { get; set; }

        public double x4 { get; set; }

        public double y1 { get; set; }

        public double y2 { get; set; }

        public double y3 { get; set; }

        public double y4 { get; set; }
    }

验证码校验接口

/// <summary>
        /// 校验图片验证码是否正确
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="piccode"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        [HttpPost]
        [Route("checkpiccode")]
        public async Task<IHttpActionResult> CheckPicCode([FromBody]CheckPicCodeViewModel piccode)
        {
            JsonResult<bool> result = new JsonResult<bool>();
            result.code = 1;
            result.msg = "OK";
            if (piccode == null)
            {
                result.Result = false;
                result.ResultMsg = "参数错误";
                return Ok(result);
            }
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(piccode.token) || !RedisBase.ContainsKey(piccode.token))
            {
                result.Result = false;
                result.ResultMsg = "验证码已过期";
                return Ok(result);
            }
            result.Result = await Task.Run<bool>(() => {
                bool flag = false;
                VerCodePic codepic = RedisBase.Item_Get<VerCodePic>(piccode.token);
                if (Math.Abs(codepic.Font1.X - piccode.x1) > 0.5 || Math.Abs(codepic.Font1.Y - piccode.y1) > 0.5
                    || Math.Abs(codepic.Font2.X - piccode.x2) > 0.5 || Math.Abs(codepic.Font2.Y - piccode.y2) > 0.5
                    || Math.Abs(codepic.Font3.X - piccode.x3) > 0.5 || Math.Abs(codepic.Font3.Y - piccode.y3) > 0.5
                    || Math.Abs(codepic.Font4.X - piccode.x4) > 0.5 || Math.Abs(codepic.Font4.Y - piccode.y4) > 0.5)
                {
                    flag = false;
                    result.ResultMsg = "验证码错误";
                }
                else
                {
                    flag = true;
                    result.ResultMsg = "验证码正确";
                }
                return flag;
            });
            return Ok(result);
        }

传入用户选中的位置和顺序,并对其进行验证

上一篇:详解ASP.NET MVC Model验证
下一篇:最后一页

相关文章